The size of a deer track can help you determine the size of the deer. As a deer grows, their feet will grow accordingly. Big mature bucks will leave big and deep tracks. In soft ground the dew claws will show on both bucks and does. Rounded tips on hoofs are a result of hoof wear usually due to rocky or other abrasive surfaces and has little to do with weather the deer is a buck or a doe.
When observing deer tracks in shallow snow, look to see where a deer are dragging their feet. Some believe that bucks drag their feet to conserve energy. In deeper snow all deer will drag their feet. Another trick for tracking in snow is to watch for antler impressions in the snow. When a large buck is checking the trail for a doe in estrus, his horns will sometimes leave an impression in the snow. This will also show you how wide his antler spread is.