Deer Tracks

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The size of a deer track can help you determine the size of the deer. As a deer grows, their feet will grow accordingly. Big mature bucks will leave big and deep tracks. In soft ground the dew claws will show on both bucks and does. Rounded tips on hoofs are a result of hoof wear usually due to rocky or other abrasive surfaces and has little to do with weather the deer is a buck or a doe.

When observing deer tracks in shallow snow, look to see where a deer are dragging their feet. Some believe that bucks drag their feet to conserve energy. In deeper snow all deer will drag their feet. Another trick for tracking in snow is to watch for antler impressions in the snow. When a large buck is checking the trail for a doe in estrus, his horns will sometimes leave an impression in the snow. This will also show you how wide his antler spread is.


Once you have found a good track in the snow, you can follow it to find travel routes, feeding areas, watering areas and bedding areas.

When a deer walks, they will place their back hoof in the track of their front hoof. If the second track falls slightly to the outside of the first, it is probably a doe because a doe's hind quarters are wider than her chest. The wider hind quarters of a doe are required for giving birth. If the second track falls slightly to the inside and short of the first track, then it is probably a buck track since a buck's chest is wider than his hind quarters and his body is longer.


Below are other examples of Deer Tracks. You can click on the thumb nail photos for a larger view of the pictures.

a_spike_foot_labelled_small a_dew_claws_from_running_deer_labelled_small a_Track_in_dirt_small

Other signs to look for are Deer dropping also called Scant. When a deer relieves it self the fecal matter comes out in the form of small pellets. Below are photos of this. On the left they are new dropping and on the right they are old droppings.

a_deer_scat_with_quarter_closeup_small a_old_deer_scat_small

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